A: The speedy trial rule prevents someone from having allegations remain unresolved for an unreasonable period of time. Our understanding of fundamental fairness is violated when someone has criminal allegations "hanging over their head" for an indefinite period of time without being afforded a chance to defend the allegation at a public trial. In Pennsylvania, the speedy trial rule requires, in general, that a case be called to trial within 365 days of the date the criminal complaint was filed. If a person remains in jail while awaiting trial, the speedy trial rule requires that the case be called for trial within 180 days. As with any general rule, exceptions exist.